"Methods and applications of femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy"S. Lochbrunner, J. J. Larsen, J. P. Shaffer, M. Schmitt, T. Schultz, J. G. Underwood, and A. Stolow
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 112 (2000), 183-198
Femtosecond time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy is emergingas a new technique for investigating polyatomic excited state dynamics.Due to the sensitivity of photoelectron spectroscopy to both electronicconfigurations and vibrational dynamics, it is well suited to the study ofultrafast non-adiabatic processes such as internal conversion, oftenoccurring on sub-picosecond time scales. We discuss technical requirementsfor such experiments, including laser systems, energy and angle resolvedphotoelectron spectrometers and new detectors for coincidence experiments.We illustrate these methods with examples from diatomic wavepacketdynamics and ultrafast non-adiabatic processes in polyatomic molecules.
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