"Octave-spanning single-cycle middle-infrared
generation through optical parametric
amplification in LiGaS2"B.-H. Chen, E. Wittmann, Y. Morimotot, P. Baum, and E. Riedle
Optics Express 27, 21306-21318 (2019).
We report the generation of extremely broadband and inherently phase-locked
mid-infrared pulses covering the 5 to 11 μm region. The concept is based on two stages of optical parametric amplification starting from a 270-fs Yb:KGW laser source. A continuum seeded, second harmonic pumped pre-amplifier in β-BaB2O4 (BBO) produces tailored broadband near-infrared pulses that are subsequently mixed with the fundamental pump pulses in LiGaS2 (LGS) for mid-infrared generation and amplification. The pulse bandwidth and chirp is managed entirely by selected optical filters and bulk material. We find an overall quantum efficiency of 1% and a mid-infrared spectrum smoothly covering 5-11 μm with a pulse energy of 220 nJ at 50 kHz repetition rate. Electro-optic sampling with 12-fs long white-light pulses directly from self-compression in a YAG crystal reveals near-single-cycle mid-infrared pulses (32 fs) with passively stable carrier-envelope phase. Such pulses will be ideal for producing attosecond electron pulses or for advancing molecular fingerprint spectroscopy.
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